- (1917-1918)Known in Portuguese as the "República Nova" regime, the New Republic was an authoritarian and presidentialist phase of the disturbed First Republic (1910-26), when Major Sidónio Pais organized a military coup, overthrew the democrats' system, and established a brief, fragile New Republic that he hoped would reconcile monarchists and republicans, conservatives and liberals, anticlericals and clericals. The New Republic abruptly collapsed following the December 1918 assassination of Sidónio Pais, who had been elected president of the republic in the spring of 1918.
Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. by Douglas L. Wheeler . 2014.
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